Does History of Science Contribute Anything to Science?

Part of the exchange between James, Becky and me, with Thomas Soderqvist chiming in at the end.

A nice exchange occurred recently on Twitter about how history of science and science might complement each other. Looking beyond retrospective diagnosis, some interesting points about how using scientific techniques might raise questions for historians and how science might benefit from some historical techniques. You can see most of this exchange with this Twitter search