More fun with Ptolemy’s Ὁ Καρπός

Our premodern reader didn’t just add Latin glosses to his copy of Ptolemy’s Ὁ Καρπός, now and then he emended the Greek. For example, on the second aphorism the copiest wrote “τὴν κρεῖττον”. The reader seems to have been sufficiently bothered by this mistake that he wrote the correct article, “τὸ,” above the incorrect “τὴν.”

The second and third aphorism from the copy of Ptolemy’s Ὁ Καρπός in BnF gr. 2180.

Here’s a transcription of second and third aphorisms (including sigma chaos):

ὅτε ἐπιζητήσει τὴν κρεῖττον ὁ βουλόμενοϲ, οὐκ ἔσται μεταξὺ αὐτοῦ καὶ τῆϲ ἰδέαϲ ἀυτοῦ τοῦ πράγματοϲ διαφορά τισ.

ὁ πρόϲ τι πρᾶγμα ἐπιτήδιοϲ ἕξει πάντωϲ καὶ τὸν δηλοῦντα [ἀστέρα] τοιοῦτον ἐνδύναμον ἐν τῷ ἰδίῳ γενεθλίῳ.

In other manuscripts Ptolemy’s second aphorism two seems displays a bit of drift toward the end, where “τοῦ πράγματος διαφορά” sometimes becomes the grammatically problematic “ἀυτοῦ πράγματων διαφορά” (as in Biblioteca Angelica, gr. 029 below) and sometimes the grammatically ok “τῶν πραγμάτων διαφορά.” The wording in the third aphorism likewise varies a bit toward the end, where “ἰδίῳ γενεθλίῳ” becomes “ὀικείῳ γενεθλίῳ.” Two 14th-century manuscripts illustrate these variations. Biblioteca Angelica, gr. 029 shows the variation in both aphorisms; Biblioteca Vallicelliana, fonds principal F 086 illustrates the variation in just the third aphorism.

Variations of Aphorisms β’ and γ’ from 14th-cent. Mss.
Aphorism Biblioteca Angelica, gr. 029 Biblioteca Vallicelliana, fonds principal F 086
β’ ὅτε ἐπιζητήσει τὸ κρεῖττον ὁ βουλόμενος, οὐκ ἔσται μηταξὺ αὐτοῦ καὶ τῆς ἰδέασ ἀυτοῦ πράγματων διαφορά τίσ. ὅτε ἐπιζητήσει τὸ κρεῖττον ὁ βουλόμενος, οὐκ ἔσται μεταξὺ αὐτοῦ καὶ τῆς ἰδέασ τοῦ τοῦ πράγματος διαφορά τις.
γ’ ὁ πρόσ τι πρᾶγμα ἐπιτήδειοσ, ἕξει πάντωσ καὶ τὸν δηλοῦντα [ἀστέρα] τὸ τοιοῦτον ἐνδύναμον ἐν τῷ ὀικείῳ γενεθλίῳ. ὁ πρός τι πρᾶγμα ἐπιτήδειος, ἕξει πάντωσ καὶ τὸν δηλοῦντα [missing ἀστέρα] τὸ τοιοῦτον ἐνδύναμον ἐν τῷ ὀικείῳ γενεθλίῳ.

This particular variation carries over into some fifteenth-century manuscripts, e.g., Vatican Barb.gr.127 or BnF gr. 2027, and even sixteenth-century copies, e.g., Harley ms 5597.

The third aphorism from Ptolemy’s Ὁ Καρπός, with the common variant highlighted (BL Harley ms. 5597).

As promised in the previous post, Struggling with Ptolemy’s Ὁ Καρπός, here are initial translations of the second and third aphorisms (with the same caveat that I reserve the right to admit this translation is horrible and to change it).

Translations of Ptolemy’s Aphorisms β’ and γ’ from BnF gr. 2180
Aphorism Greek English
β’ ὅτε ἐπιζητήσει τὴν (corrected above to τὸ) κρεῖττον ὁ βουλόμενοϲ, οὐκ ἔσται μηταξὺ αὐτοῦ καὶ τῆς ἰδέαϲ ἀυτοῦ τοῦ πράγματοϲ διαφορά τισ. When anyone seeks the superior thing, there will not be a particular difference between it and the form of the thing itself.
γ’ ὁ πρόϲ τι πρᾶγμα ἐπιτήδιοϲ ἕξει πάντωϲ καὶ τὸν δηλοῦντα [ἀστέρα] τοιοῦτον ἐνδύναμον ἐν τῷ ἰδίῳ γενεθλίῳ. He who is suited to a particular activity will certainly have the star signifying such an influence in his own nativity.

Study of the variations and other scholarly contributions will have to wait. For the moment, I’m just having fun working through the copy of Ptolemy’s Ὁ Καρπός in BnF gr. 2180. I confess, I’m also enjoying the amazing botanical illustrations, such as this one:[1]

One of the many amazing botanical illustrations from BnF 2180.

  1. If you’re interested in Byzantine herbals and botanical illustrations, this ms is loaded with amazing images of plants. Unfortunately, many of the illustrations were never added to the manuscript, just large blank spaces awaiting a skilled illustrator.  ↩