Tag: ÖNB med. gr. 49

Aphorisms 4 and 5 from Ptolemy’s Ὁ Καρπός

Let’s follow our reader through a couple more aphorisms from Ptolemy’s Ὁ Καρπός. Again he glosses most of the Greek with Latin translations and, once again, corrects a couple scribal errors by writing the correct Greek word above the mistake (though he seems to miss a couple other mistakes).

Aphorisms 4 and 5 from Ptolemy’s Ὁ Καρπός.

And here’s a transcription of these two aphorisms:

ἡ ἐπιτηδία ψυχὴ πρὸϲ γνωσιν μάλλον τυγχάνει τοῦ ἀληθοῦς ἢ ὁ ἄκροϲ ἀσκήσαϲ τὴν ἐπιστήμην.
δύναται ὁ ἐπιστήμων πολλὰϲ ἀποτρέψασθαι ἐνεργείας τῶν ἀστέρων, ὅτε ἐστὶν ἠδήμων τῆσ φύσεωϲ αὐτῶν, καὶ πρὸ παρὰσκεβασαι ἑαυτὸν πρὸϲ τὰϲ συμπτώσεισ τῶν ἐνεργειῶν.

Our reader seemed to think the “τὰϲ συμπτώσεισ” in aphorism 5 should be “τῆς συμπτώσεως” and made the correction above the Greek. But he didn’t correct the “παρὰσκεβασαι,” which should have been “προπαρὰσκευασαι” (though he glossed it acceptably as “preparare”).

This copy of the text varies in different ways from other copies. Here, for comparison, are aphorisms 4 and 5 from two other manuscripts:

Comparison of Aphorisms δ’ and ε’ in Three Different Manuscripts
Aphorism BnF gr. 2180 Vat. Barb. gr. 127 ÖNB med. gr. 49
δ’ ἡ ἐπιτηδία ψυχὴ πρὸϲ γνωσιν μάλλον τυγχάνει τοῦ ἀληθοῦς ἢ ὁ ἄκροϲ ἀσκήσαϲ τὴν ἐπιστήμην. ἡ ἐπιτηδίεα ψυχὴ πρὸσ γνωσιν πλέον τυγχάνει τοῦ ἀληθοῦσ ἢ ὁ ἄκρωϲ ἀσκήσαϲ τὴν ἐπιστήμην. ἡ ἐπιτηδία ψυχὴ πρὸσ γνωσιν πλέον ἐπί τυγχάνει τοῦ ἀληθοῦσ ἢ ὁ ἄκρωσ ασκήσασ τὴν ἐπιστήμην.
ε’ δύναται ὁ ἐπιστήμων πολλὰϲ ἀποτρέψασθαι ἐνεργείας τῶν ἀστέρων, ὅτε ἐστὶν ἠδήμων τῆσ φύσεωϲ αὐτῶν, καὶ προπαρασκεβασαι ἑαυτὸν πρὸϲ τὰϲ συμπτώσεισ τῶν ἐνεργειῶν. δύναται ἐπιστήμων πολλὰϲ ἀποτρέψασθαι ἐνεργείας τῶν ἀστέρων, ὅτε ἐστὶν εἰδήμων τῆϲ φύσεωϲ αὐτῶν, καὶ προπαρὰσκευασαι ἑαυτὸν πρὸ τῆς συμπτώσεως τῶν ἐνεργειῶν. δύναται ὁ ἐπιστήμων πολλὰσ ἀποτρέψασθαι ἐνεργείασ τῶν ἀστέρων, ὅτε ἐστὶν εἰδήμων τῆσ φύσεωσ αὐτῶν, καὶ παρὰσκευασαι ἑαυτὸν, πρὸ τὴς συμπτώσεως τῶν ἐνεργειῶν.
The Hungarian scholar Johannes Sambucus owned this lovely 16th-century copy of Ptolemy’s Ὁ Καρπός.

And once again, here are initial English translations of these two aphorisms.

Translations of Ptolemy’s Aphorisms δ’ and ε’ from BnF gr. 2180
Aphorism Greek English
δ’ ἡ ἐπιτηδία ψυχὴ πρὸϲ γνωσιν μάλλον τυγχάνει τοῦ ἀληθοῦς ἢ ὁ ἄκροϲ ἀσκήσαϲ τὴν ἐπιστήμην A mind suited to higher knowledge attains truth more than the skillful man practicing science.
ε’ δύναται ὁ ἐπιστήμων πολλὰϲ ἀποτρέψασθαι ἐνεργείας τῶν ἀστέρων, ὅτε ἐστὶν ἠδήμων τῆσ φύσεωϲ αὐτῶν, καὶ προπαρασκεβασαι ἑαυτὸν πρὸϲ τὰϲ συμπτώσεισ τῶν ἐνεργειῶν. A wise man is able to avert many influences of the stars when he is acquainted with their nature, and to prepare himself for the accidents of their influences.