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HoS Advent Calendar 2016

Byzantine Wind Diagram

This diagram, titled “Diagram about thunder, storms, rainstorms, and earthquakes,” seems to be a type of wind diagram, which arranged the terrestrial elements, planetary aspects, meteorological phenomena, and winds, signs of the zodiac, and the cardinal directions. Starting from the center we see the four elements—earth, water, air, fire—surrounded by the common planetary aspects. The […]

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HoS Advent Calendar 2016

A Byzantine Diagram of the Cosmos

This diagram represents the geocentric cosmos, with the earth (γῆ) at the center, surrounded by spheres of the Moon (σελήν), Mercury (ἐρμῆς), Venus (ἀφροδίτη), the sun, Mars (ἄρης), Jupiter (ζεύς), and Saturn (κρόνος).[1] An incomplete ring for the signs of the zodiac encircles the planetary spheres—only the symbol for Aries was added. Finally, the names […]